Dry Farming: A Sustainable Solution for California Agriculture

Dry Farming A Sustainable Solution for California Agriculture

Farmers in California’s See Canyon region are successfully cultivating crops using minimal amounts of water, showcasing a more sustainable approach to agriculture.

In the lush orchards of See Canyon near San Luis Obispo, California, one farmer is proving that it’s possible to grow bountiful crops without relying on irrigation. Mike Cirone, a dry farming specialist, has been cultivating apples for 40 years using minimal water, relying on rainfall and the moisture stored in the ground. His success is not only a testament to the unique microclimate of See Canyon but also a demonstration of how agriculture can be done differently, with a lighter touch on the environment. Cirone’s story is just one example of a growing movement of California growers who are reimagining farming practices to adapt to the state’s limited water supplies.

The Art of Dry Farming

Dry farming, the practice of growing crops with little to no irrigation, has a long history in the arid West. Indigenous peoples, such as the Hopi, have relied on rainwater for centuries to grow their crops. In California, settlers also dry farmed until the 20th century when irrigation became more prevalent. However, a select group of farmers, like Cirone, are returning to this traditional method and reaping the benefits.

Harnessing Nature’s Gifts

See Canyon’s unique location, nestled in mountainous terrain just 4 miles from the coast, provides ideal conditions for dry farming. The area receives ample rainfall, and the forested ridges catch and store water, allowing it to percolate into the alluvial soil. The trees’ roots tap into shallow groundwater, ensuring a steady supply of moisture. The cool climate and morning fog also contribute to the success of dry farming in this region.

A Flavorful Harvest

The lack of watering in dry farming concentrates the flavors of the crops. Cirone’s apples, for example, are known for their intense tartness and sweetness. The apples come off the trees crisp and juicy, delighting customers at farmers markets in San Luis Obispo and Santa Monica. Cirone’s success is a testament to the fact that dry farming not only conserves water but also produces high-quality, flavorful produce.

Climate Change and the Future

While dry farming has proven successful for Cirone and other growers in See Canyon, the future of agriculture in California is uncertain. Climate change is causing more frequent and severe weather swings, which could impact the viability of dry farming in the long term. Cirone is already thinking ahead, planting late-ripening varieties that can better withstand rising temperatures. He believes that promoting local agriculture and adopting sustainable farming methods are crucial steps in ensuring the future resilience of California’s farming industry.


Mike Cirone’s success as a dry farmer in See Canyon is a shining example of how agriculture can be done differently, with a lighter touch on the environment. His story highlights the importance of harnessing natural resources and adapting farming practices to local conditions. As California grapples with limited water supplies and the challenges of climate change, the lessons learned from Cirone and other dry farming specialists offer hope for a more sustainable future for agriculture in the state. By embracing innovative techniques and reimagining traditional practices, farmers can play a crucial role in mitigating the impacts of climate change and ensuring the long-term viability of California’s farming industry.