The Quest for Human-Centric Robots: Exploring the Future of Humanoid Technology

Startups and Tech Giants Push the Boundaries of Humanoid Robotics

For decades, engineers and scientists have been captivated by the idea of building robots that resemble humans. Inspired by science fiction, the pursuit of humanoid robots has gained momentum in recent years, fueled by advancements in artificial intelligence. However, most current prototypes are far from practical and remain more suited for staged performances than real-life applications. Despite the challenges, a handful of startups and tech giants are determined to push the boundaries of humanoid technology, aiming to create robots that can seamlessly operate in human spaces.


Human-Centric vs. Humanoid: Redefining the Purpose of Robots

Agility Robotics, a leading robotics company, takes a unique approach to the concept of humanoid robots. Co-founder Jonathan Hurst emphasizes that their warehouse robot, Digit, is human-centric rather than humanoid. This distinction highlights the focus on what the robot can do, rather than what it looks like. Digit’s primary function is to pick up and move tote bins, making it a valuable asset in warehouse operations. Amazon has already recognized its potential and plans to test Digit in its warehouses. Agility Robotics has even opened a factory in Oregon to mass-produce these human-centric robots.

The Pursuit of True Humanoids: Figure AI’s Vision

While Agility Robotics prioritizes functionality, Figure AI believes that true humanoids are essential for effective navigation in various environments. Figure AI CEO Brett Adcock envisions commercial robots that can be continuously improved, similar to how smartphones are iterated upon. By focusing on tasks that humans may not want to do due to labor shortages, Figure AI aims to tap into a massive market. Although the company has raised significant funding, it is still in the early stages of developing a market-ready prototype.

Tesla’s Ambitions and Apptronik’s Progress

Elon Musk’s Tesla is also venturing into the realm of humanoid robots with its project named Optimus. However, a live demonstration of the robot’s awkward movements last year failed to impress robotics experts. In contrast, Apptronik, a neighboring company based in Austin, Texas, showcased its Apollo humanoid in an impressive video demonstration. While Tesla’s progress remains uncertain, Apptronik’s advancements indicate that the development of humanoids is an ongoing journey.

Learning Along the Way: Boston Dynamics’ Experience

Boston Dynamics, a renowned robotics company, has taken a different approach to humanoid development. Co-founder Marc Raibert emphasizes the value of the learning process, which includes understanding how people respond to robots and developing critical technologies for mobility, dexterity, perception, and intelligence. While Boston Dynamics initially aimed to build a humanoid capable of handling boxes, their research led to the creation of a non-humanoid robot that excelled in various tasks, such as working longer hours and operating in tight spaces.

Prioritizing Dexterity: Sanctuary AI’s Approach

Sanctuary AI, a startup based in British Columbia, Canada, focuses on improving the dexterity of robotic hands before tackling the challenge of walking. CEO Geordie Rose believes that understanding and manipulating the physical world with robotic hands is the most challenging aspect of humanoid robotics. Sanctuary AI’s Phoenix robot can already perform tasks such as stocking shelves, unloading delivery vehicles, and operating checkouts. The long-term goal is to develop robots capable of perceiving and reasoning about the world, ultimately providing labor across various sectors.

Agility Robotics’ Vision for the Future

Agility Robotics’ Digit robot has garnered attention from Amazon due to its mobility and ability to complement the e-commerce giant’s existing fleet of robots. While Digit is currently being tested for repetitive tasks in warehouses, its presence raises concerns about job displacement. However, Agility Robotics’ CEO Damion Shelton assures that this is just the beginning. He envisions a future where human-centric robots like Digit are embraced and integrated into various aspects of human life.


The quest for humanoid robots continues to captivate engineers, scientists, and investors alike. While the current prototypes may still be far from perfect, the advancements made along the way are invaluable. Startups and tech giants are redefining the purpose of humanoid robots, focusing on functionality, dexterity, and their ability to navigate human spaces. As technology progresses, these human-centric robots may become an integral part of our daily lives, revolutionizing industries and providing labor where it is needed most. The future of humanoid robotics holds immense potential, and the journey to achieve it is as important as the destination itself.